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Special Waste Disposal

What are “Special Wastes”?

Regular trash, also known as municipal solid wastes (MSW), include the everyday types of trash discarded by households, as well as commercial and institutional facilities that are collected by the municipal waste haulers and brought to the landfills. Examples include product packaging, grass clippings, food cans, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers,  etc.

ALL OTHER WASTE TYPES – i.e. SPECIAL WASTES -are subject to treatment and disposal criteria based on recognized standards and regulations e.g., USEPA, EU DIRECTIVE, ASTM, ISO/TC, WHO, the Basel Convention, and the EMA’s Certificate of Environmental Clearance.

Types of Special Waste

Special Wastes come in a variety of forms from liquid, solid, semi-solid, and gaseous materials and include hazardous waste, potentially infectious medical waste (PIMW), industrial process waste, and pollution control waste. They include any items or materials that are unsaleable or unfit for consumption and any other types of waste that are suspected of being hazardous or that are unacceptable for regular landfill disposal.

Examples of special wastes are:

  • Acid/Alkali Sludges
  • Asbestos Material (Treated)
  • Bulky Waste (e.g. appliances, machinery, used tyres, derelict vehicles)
  • Chicken Offal
  • Condemned Foodstuff
  • Construction and Demolition Waste
  • Contaminated Soil (Treated)
  • Cooling Tower Material: Dried Sludge
  • Cooling Tower Material: Fill/Wood
  • Defective Commercial Materials
  • Drilling Mud / Sludge
  • Drilling Pipe Protectors
  • Electronic Waste (eWaste)
  • Expired Pharmaceuticals
  • Faecal and Non-Faecal Sludges
  • Filter Materials / Inert Catalysts
  • Hatchery Waste
  • Heavy Metal Sludges (e.g. lead, chromium, cadmium, arsenic, mercury and cyanide)
  • Hospital Waste
  • Incinerator Ash or Slag
  • Industrial or Commercial Process Wastes
  • Industrial Resin / Sieve
  • Insulation Materials
  • International Waste (Aircraft and Ships)
  • Lead Contaminated Soil (Treated)
  • Liquid Waste of any description
  • Medical Waste
  • Melamine Slurry (Treated)
  • Obsolete Plastic Film
  • Oily and Organic Solvents and Sludges
  • Paint Sludges
  • Paper Plant Sludge / Slurry
  • Pharmaceutical Waste
  • Solidified Wastes (Treated)
  • Spent Compressed Gas Cylinders
  • Spent Filter Media
  • Spoilt Food Items
  • Toxic or Hazardous Wastes
  • Veterinary Waste
  • Waste Oil and Oily Waste
  • Water-soluble Industrial Wastes

Special Waste needs to be managed and disposed of properly to protect our environment. If you are uncertain what kind of special waste you generate, please contact SWMCOL’s Sales & Marketing Department for assistance.

Guidelines for Special Waste Disposal

  • Waste Generators must fill out and submit SWMCOL’s Special Waste Disposal Approval Application (SWAA) Form. The form can be completed online or downloaded for completion and return.
  • Waste Generators must provide a general description of the process that generated the waste, e.g., written on our SWAA Form, include a process flow diagram, etc.
  • Waste Generators must provide safety data sheets for materials used in the process which created or generated the waste.
  • Waste items or materials must not possess any hazardous characteristic e.g. flammable or ignitable, corrosive, reactive, toxic, or poisonous.
  • Hazardous Wastes must be treated by the waste generator or a waste treatment services provider, and the treatment methodology approved by SWMCOL before being sent to the disposal sites for final disposal.
  • Industrial waste types must be de-characterized or deactivated and stabilized for acceptance for disposal.
  • Waste Generators may be required to provide a Toxicity Characteristic analysis or Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) of their waste from a certified independent laboratory to determine acceptance for disposal.
  • Waste items or materials requested for disposal must not have a negative impact on human health or the environment.
  • Waste items or materials requested for disposal must not create or contribute to a disposal site problem.
  • Waste items which are Expired or Defective must be made unusable (i.e cannot be consumed, sold or reused) before being sent to the disposal site for final disposal.

NOTE: SWMCOL retains the right to reject any waste item or material it deems unsuitable for landfill final disposal.





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